Background…it’s experience has shown that its unlikely objectives of a peace operations can be achieved with an environment that lack basic laws and order,if local public security forces are unable or unwilling to provide this it is likely that the peace operations force must assume this responsibility.
Community Policing – By embracing strategies that decentralize and personalize police service, police departments that have adopted the community policing philosophy have been able to engage communities in comprehensive, collaborative, community-based problem-solving aimed at crime, fear of crime, and disorder. Many efforts involve assigning individual officers or teams to specific beat areas, to foster a sense of ownership and responsibility. The marriage of police and community brings together the power of the formal criminal justice system with the informal social control that communities can exert. Police departments have also been a catalyst in forging new partnerships with other professional and civic institutions (municipal agencies, non-profit groups, the business community, schools, and the faith community). These new professional and community relationships allow for the development of long-term, broad-based interventions that address the conditions that allow chronic problems to persist. By promoting a focus on positive interaction with youth, particularly in crime-riddled, “hotspot” neighborhoods, community policing offers hope of helping more young people grow up to become productive, law-abiding citizens.
One of the most powerful innovations of the past two decades, community policing has been cited as one reason for the recent decline in crime rates. It also serves as the model for other crucial reforms, including Community-Oriented Government. However, proponents worry that this powerful new reform is still being implemented as a limited program rather than as a department-wide philosophy. Average citizens often misperceive community policing as having an officer walk a beat as a visible deterrent to crime and not as an approach that requires them to shoulder their fair share of the responsibility for developing and sustaining solutions.
Troubling as well is that community policing may well have inadvertently contributed to the dramatic rise in prison populations. As we shall see, focusing attention on high-crime neighborhoods has likely contributed to disproportionate arrest of minorities, especially as the community policing philosophy has been distorted to promote narrow pro-arrest policies, especially during the era of near-hysteria at the height of War on Drugs.
Of concern as well is that some agencies have stretched the definition to embrace actions and activities that border on community harassment.